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Complete installation plan for civil air defense ventilation system (too practical)



Complete installation plan for civil air defense ventilation system (too practical) 1. Project Overview 1.1 The construction area of ​​the civil air defense part of this project is…

Complete installation plan for civil air defense ventilation system (too practical)

1. Project Overview

1.1 The construction area of ​​the civil air defense part of this project is approximately 7990m2. Usually there are 2 fire protection zones, which function as garages. During wartime, there are 4 protection units, all of which function as second-class personnel shelters during wartime. The chemical protection level of the department is Class C. There is also a mobile power station.

1.2 Ventilation working conditions: mechanical ventilation and fire smoke exhaust, auxiliary local dehumidification in normal times; personnel shelters in wartime, clean, poison filtration, and isolation ventilation.

1.3 Overview of daily ventilation, fire prevention and smoke exhaust (garage):

1) Air supply system: There is a direct external ramp, and the ramp is used for natural air intake. There is no direct external ramp, and mechanical air intake is mainly used.

2) Exhaust system: In order to eliminate the CO exhaust gas and gasoline vapor generated during the driving of the car, an exhaust system is set up to ensure that the number of air changes in the garage is not less than 6 times/hour, and a dual-purpose exhaust and smoke fan is used to operate the exhaust system. .

3) Smoke exhaust system: The exhaust system is also a smoke exhaust system. The smoke exhaust volume is calculated as 6 times/hour. In the event of a fire, the exhaust and smoke dual-purpose fan is turned on to enter the smoke exhaust state. The normally open steel exhaust port is also The horizontal distance between the smoke exhaust outlet and the farthest point shall not exceed 30m. When the exhaust smoke temperature is ≥280°C, the smoke exhaust fire damper is closed, and the supplementary air and smoke exhaust fans are shut down to stop smoke exhaust. The smoke exhaust fan and the inlet and outlet soft joints should use fireproof cloth that can work at 280°C for no less than 30 minutes.

4) Air supplement system: Normally, the air inlet fan doubles as a fire supplement air fan. In case of fire, the supplement air fan is turned on, and the supplement air volume is not less than 50% of the smoke exhaust volume.

1.4 Daily environmental protection requirements:

1) In order to reduce vibration and noise, shock-absorbing hooks are used to hoist fans and other equipment, and fire-resistant canvas or “three-proof cloth” are used as soft connections between the ventilator and the air duct.

  QQ picture 20220905143424.jpg

2) When the air supply and exhaust ducts pass through the wall of the computer room, the surroundings of the reserved holes must be blocked with cement, and if necessary, they must be embedded with sound-absorbing cotton to prevent sound leakage.

3) The outlet of the air inlet fan and the inlet of the exhaust fan are equipped with silencer static pressure boxes.

4) Silence the air intake and exhaust shafts of buildings close to the ground.

1.5 Overview of wartime ventilation design (Second Class Personnel Shelter Department):

1) Three ventilation modes are provided: clean ventilation, poison filter ventilation and isolation ventilation.

2) Isolation protection time: second-class masking ≥ 3 hours; CO allowable volume concentration: ≤ 2.5%

3) Minimum number of air changes in the anti-virus channel: second-class mask ≥ 40 times/hour; overpressure in clean area: ≥ 30Pa

4) Wartime mobile power station: All air cooling is adopted. After the fresh air passes through protective equipment and dust removal equipment, it is supplied by a diagonal flow fan to remove harmful gases and heat dissipation from the diesel engine in the power station, ensuring a slight negative pressure in the power station.

5) When the air supply and exhaust ducts pass through the wall of the computer room, the surroundings of the reserved holes must be blocked with cement, and if necessary, they must be embedded with sound-absorbing cotton to prevent sound leakage.

6) The air inlet fan outlet is equipped with a muffler, the air inlet fan room is equipped with a return air muffler, and the exhaust fan inlet is equipped with a muffler.

1.6 Peace and war function conversion:

3.8.1 Open all dampers and check whether all systems are smooth.

3.8.2 Conduct a stand-alone test run to check whether the fan impeller rotates flexibly, whether there is mechanical friction and noise, whether the direction of rotation is correct, whether there is lubricating oil in each rotating part, and whether the operation is smooth and normal.

3.8.3 The system trial operation should be carried out continuously for no less than 24 hours after the single machine has passed the trial operation, and the system should be comprehensively inspected and adjusted, and all indicators must be adjusted to meet the design parameter requirements.

3.8.4 For the air volume of each outlet of the system, according to the design parameter requirements and the method requirements of testing the air volume of the air outlet in accordance with the debugging plan, the uniform movement method or the fixed-point measurement method is used to obtain accurate data, so that the deviation of the air volume of each air outlet from the design air volume is less than 10%. Inside.

3.8.5 After the construction of the smoke prevention and exhaust system is completed, system debugging should be carried out, the valves, smoke exhaust vents, and positive pressure air supply vents should be opened, and the smoke exhaust fan and positive pressure air supply fan should be tested individually to check whether the operation is normal. Measure the air volume at the system’s smoke exhaust vents and positive pressure air supply vents to obtain accurate data and check whether it meets the design requirements. Cooperate with joint debugging and inspection of fire protection systems. Whether the joint test operation of the smoke exhaust system and positive pressure air supply system is normal.

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Author: clsrich

 
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