Characteristics and applications of special fibers

Characteristics and applications of special fibers Characteristics and applications of special fibers 1. Milk fiber Milk silk is made of 100% milk silk. It is the third generation …

Characteristics and applications of special fibers

Characteristics and applications of special fibers
1. Milk fiber
Milk silk is made of 100% milk silk. It is the third generation of new fiber after natural fiber and second generation synthetic fiber. Milk silk not only combines the advantages of the first two generations of fibers, but also has features that are unmatched by the first two generations of fibers. biological health care function.
2. Bamboo fiber
Natural bamboo fiber is made of bamboo as raw material, and is refined into pulp and fiber using physical methods and multi-stage bleaching. After testing, the fineness and whiteness of the fiber are close to those of ordinary refined viscose, and its strength reaches national standards, and its toughness and wear resistance are High, excellent spinnability. The cross-section of bamboo fiber is full of large and small gaps, which can absorb and evaporate water in an instant. Wearing clothes made of bamboo fiber fabric makes people feel particularly cool in hot summer.
Bamboo fiber has excellent coloring, resilience, drape, abrasion resistance, and antibacterial properties. In particular, its moisture absorption and release properties and air permeability rank first among all fibers. The biggest characteristics of textile products produced using natural bamboo fiber are coolness, smoothness, good gloss, good colorability and good hygroscopicity.
3. Perspiration-wicking and heat-dissipating fiber
CoolMax is a product developed by DuPont as early as 1986. It was initially used by cyclists and runners, and was later found to have excellent performance in humidity management capabilities. In the mid-to-late 1990s, there was more promotion and publicity in the country, making everyone aware of this polyester (polyester) fiber with excellent perspiration and moisture conduction properties.
In 1999, DuPont developed CoolMaxAlta fiber based on the original properties of CoolMax.
What are the advantages of this new thing?
First of all it is a long fiber product (low pilling properties). Everyone should still remember the “Xinyi” in the 1999s, and the horrible outfit he wore after wearing it.
Second, it can provide fabrics with a cotton-like appearance and feel, which in common terms are sweat-wicking, soft and comfortable;
The next few new features have little to do with us, but they are mentioned for the sake of comprehensiveness.
Third, the semi-glossy surface means that the made clothes feel semi-translucent.
Fourth, it is more professional. It is a cationic dyeable fiber and is easier to dye at low temperatures, which greatly increases the possibility of blending it with other functional fibers to produce fabrics.
In 2000, DuPont gave CoolMax UV protection (although in general polyester fibers are superior to natural and other man-made fibers in UV protection; CoolMax’s special fiber cross-section can shield more than round fiber cross-sections) of ultraviolet light.)
Taiwan’s CoolPlus and Yizheng’s CoolBest are similar products.
4. Silver fiber
The silver-coated fiber is antibacterial, regulates body temperature and humidity, and can even control body odor.
Weaving metallic silver into textiles and applying it to consumer products. This kind of textile that can protect the skin, remove unpleasant odors from the body, and block pollutants on medical textiles has a very broad market prospect.
The mechanism of metallic silver sterilization is to block the physiological process of bacteria. In a warm and humid environment, silver ions have very high biological activity – this means that silver ions can easily combine with other substances, causing the proteins inside and outside the bacterial cell membrane to solidify, thereby blocking the bacterial cell’s respiration and reproduction process. The warmer and humid the environment, the stronger the activity of silver ions, so silver-plated fibers are very suitable for use in the clothing field.
William McNally, the founder of Noble Fiber Technologies, hired six full-time scientists to develop a silver-coated fiber called X-Static after five years of research. This fiber is not only antibacterial, but also has antistatic properties and good body temperature regulation. At present, well-known clothing manufacturers such as Marks & Spencer, Adidas, Puma and Spyder have begun to produce products with X-Static fiber. Even Johnson & Johnson, which has strong R&D capabilities, requested to jointly develop a new generation of bandage products with this small company. t1kEiCgA


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